Enzymes in Action Kit© Connections to: A Framework for K-12 Science Education Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas*

Dimension 1. Scientific and Engineering Practices

1. Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering)
2. Developing and Using Models
6. Constructing Explanations (for science) and Designing Solutions (for engineering)

Dimension 2. Crosscutting Concepts

1. Patterns
2. Cause and effect:  Mechanism and explanation
4. Systems and System Models
6. Structure and Function
7. Stability and Change

Dimension 3. Disciplinary Core Ideas

Physical Science

HS-PS1:  Matter and its interactions

HS-PS1-2:  Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
HS-PS1-4:  Develop a model to illustrate that the release of absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.
HS-PS1-5:  Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs.

Life Science

LS 1:  From Molecules to Organisms:  Structures and Processes

HS-LS1-1:  Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the structure of DNA determines the structure of proteins which carry out the essential functions of life through systems of specialized cells.
HS-LS1-2:  Develop and use a model to illustrate the hierarchical organization of interacting systems that provide specific functions within multicellular organisms.

Engineering, Technology and Applications of Science

HS-ETS1:  Engineering Design

HS-ETS1-4:  Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.

*The NSTA Reader’s Guide to A Framework for K-12 Science Education, National Research Council (NRC), 2011. A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.