Flow of Genetic Information Kit© Connections to: A Framework for K-12 Science Education Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas*

Dimension 1: Scientific and Engineering Practices

1. Asking Questions (for science) and Defining Problems (for engineering)
2. Developing and Using Models
4. Analyzing and Interpreting Data
5. Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking
6. Constructing Explanations (for science) and Designing Solutions (for engineering)

Dimension 2: Cross Cutting Concepts

1. Patterns
2. Cause and Effect: Mechanism and Explanation
3. Scale, Proportion, and Quantity
4. Systems and System Models
6. Structure and Function
7. Stability and Change

Dimension 3: Disciplinary Core Ideas

Life Sciences

LS1: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
LS1.A: Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the structure of DNA determines the structure of proteins which carry out the essential functions of life through systems of specialized cells.
LS3: Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits
LS3.A: Ask questions to clarify relationships about the role of DNA and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to offspring.
LS3.B: Make and defend a claim based on evidence that inheritable genetic variations may result from (1) new genetic combinations through meiosis, (2) viable errors occurring during replication, and/or (3) mutations caused by environmental factors. Apply concepts of statistics and probability to explain the variation and distribution of expressed traits in a population.

Engineering, Technology and Applications of Sciences

ETS1: Engineering Design
ETS1.B: Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.

*The NSTA Reader’s Guide to A Framework for K-12 Science Education, National Research Council (NRC), 2011. A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.