Insulin mRNA to Protein Kit© Connections to: A Framework for K-12 Science Education Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas*

Dimension 1. Scientific and Engineering Practices

2. Developing and using models
4. Analyzing and interpreting data

Dimension 2. Crosscutting Concepts

1. Patterns
2. Cause and effect: Mechanism and explanation
3. Scale, proportion, and quantity
5. Energy and matter: Flows, cycles, and conservation
6. Structure and function
7. Stability and change

Dimension 3. Disciplinary Core Ideas

Physical Sciences

PS1: Matter and Its Interactions

PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter

PS2: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

PS2.A: Forces and Motion
PS2.B: Types of Interactions
PS2.C: Stability and Instability in Physical Systems

Life Sciences

LS1: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes

LS1.A: Structure and Function
LS1.B: Growth and Development of Organisms
LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms
LS1.D: Information Processing

LS3: Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits

LS3.A: Inheritance of Traits
LS3.B: Variation of Traits

Engineering, Technology and Applications of Science

ETS2: Links Among Engineering, Technology, Science, and Society

ETS2.A: Interdependence of Science, Engineering, and Technology
ETS2.B: Influence of Engineering, Technology, and Science on Society and the Natural World

*The NSTA Reader’s Guide to A Framework for K-12 Science Education, National Research Council (NRC), 2011. A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.