Substrate Specificity Kit© Connections to: A Framework for K-12 Science Education Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas*


Dimension 1: Scientific and Engineering Practices

1. Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering)
2. Developing and using models
6. Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering)

Dimension 2: Cross Cutting Concepts

1. Patterns
2. Cause and effect: mechanism and explanation
6. Structure and function
7. Stability and change

Dimension 3: Disciplinary Core Ideas:

Physical Science

PS1: Matter and Its Interactions
PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
PS1.B: Chemical Reactions
PS2: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
PS2.B: Types of Interactions
PS2.C: Stability and Instability in Physical Systems

Life Sciences

LS1: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
LS1.A: Structure and Function

Engineering, Technology, and Applications of Science

ETS1: Engineering Design
ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting an Engineering Problem
ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions
ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution


*The NSTA Reader’s Guide to A Framework for K-12 Science Education, National Research Council (NRC), 2011. A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.